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Braces for Idiopathic Scoliosis in Adolescents.

Negrini, Stefano and Minozzi, Silvia and Bettany-Saltikov, Josette and CHOCKALINGAM, Nachiappan and Grivas, Theodoros B and Kotwicki, Tomasz and Maruyama, Toru and Romano, Michele and Zaina, Fabio (2016) Braces for Idiopathic Scoliosis in Adolescents. Spine, 41 (23). pp. 1813-1825. ISSN 1528-1159

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Abstract or description

STUDY DESIGN

A Cochrane systematic review.

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate the efficacy of bracing for adolescents with AIS versus no treatment or other treatments, on quality of life, disability, pulmonary disorders, progression of the curve, psychological, and cosmetic issues.

SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA

Idiopathic scoliosis is a three-dimensional deformity of the spine. The most common form is diagnosed in adolescence. Although adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) can progress during growth and cause a surface deformity, it is usually not symptomatic.

METHODS

We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, five other databases, and two trials registers up to February 2015. We also checked reference lists and hand searched grey literature. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and prospective controlled cohort studies comparing braces with no treatment, other treatment, surgery, and different types of braces for adolescent with AIS. We used standard methodological procedures expected by the Cochrane Collaboration.

RESULTS

We included seven studies. Five were planned as RCTs, two as prospective controlled clinical trials. One RCT failed completely, another was continued as an observational study. There was very low quality evidence from one small RCT that quality of life (QoL) during treatment did not differ significantly between rigid bracing and observation.

CONCLUSION

Two studies showed that bracing did not change QoL during treatment, and QoL, back pain psychological and cosmetic issues in the long term (16 years.) All articles showed that bracing prevented curve progression. The high rate of failure of RCTs demonstrates the huge difficulties in performing RCTs in a field where parents reject randomization of their children.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE

1.

Item Type: Article
Faculty: School of Life Sciences and Education > Sport and Exercise
Depositing User: Nachiappan CHOCKALINGAM
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2017 09:24
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2017 12:55
URI: http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/id/eprint/3513

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