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The effect of tuning ankle foot orthoses-footwear combinations on gait kinematics of children with cerebral palsy: a case series

EDDISON, Nicola, HEALY, Aoife, NEEDHAM, Robert and CHOCKALINGAM, Nachiappan (2019) The effect of tuning ankle foot orthoses-footwear combinations on gait kinematics of children with cerebral palsy: a case series. The Foot.

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Abstract or description

Study Design: Case series
Background: AFOs are a commonly prescribed medical device given to children with cerebral palsy (CP) in an attempt to improve their gait. The current literature is equivocal on the effects AFOs have on the gait of children with CP. The vast majority of AFOs issued are not subject to AFO-FC tuning. There are emerging studies investigating the effects tuning AFO-FCs has on the gait of children with CP. However, the research is limited, and there is a lack of quantitative data.
Objective: To compare the kinematics of tuned versus non-tuned gait in children with CP.
Methods: Gait analysis assessment of five children aged between 7-11 years with a diagnosis of CP (one hemiplegic and four diplegic participants, two female, three male, with a Gross Motor Functional Classification System (GMFCS) of 2) at a Gait Analysis Laboratory.
Results: In comparison to barefoot and non-tuned gait, walking with a tuned AFO-FC produced improvements in several key gait parameters. Including hip flexion and extension, posterior pelvic tilt and knee extension. Results also indicated that the type of gait pattern demonstrated by the participant affected the outcomes of tuning.
Conclusions: Tuning the AFO-FC of children with CP has the potential to improve hip function, pelvic function, knee extension in stance phase and knee flexion during swing phase and that an non-tuned AFO-FC can potentially decrease hip function, posterior pelvic tilt and increase knee extension.
Clinical Relevance: Whilst AFO-FC tuning has been recommended for routine clinical practice, there still remains a paucity of research on the kinematic effects of using a tuned AFO-FC compared to a non-tuned. This paper provides a comparison of kinematics on children with CP, during barefoot, non-tuned and tuned AFO-FC walking with a view to inform clinical practice.

Item Type: Article
Faculty: School of Life Sciences and Education > Sport and Exercise
Depositing User: Nachiappan CHOCKALINGAM
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2019 09:42
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2023 13:57

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