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Design, Manufacture and Test of a Micro-Turbine Renewable Energy Combustor

BAZOOYAR, Bahamin and GOHARI DARABKHANI, Hamidreza (2020) Design, Manufacture and Test of a Micro-Turbine Renewable Energy Combustor. Energy Conversion and Management, 213. ISSN 0196-8904

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Abstract or description

The ever-increasing demand on highly efficient decentralized power generation with low CO2 emission has made microturbines for power generation in micro-combined heat and power (mCHP) generation systems popular when running on biofuels as a renewable source of energy. This document presents a state-of-the-art design, and optimization (in terms of design, performance and emission control) of a micro-turbine renewable energy combustor that fits into the existing Bladon 12kWe recuperated microturbine plenum while running on a range of biofuels as it can successfully provide the required power of the mCHP. Governing equations for in-depth analysis of the combustor consist of manufacturer empirical data to simulate system-level operation with respect to replacement of the fossil with biofuels. The Model developed and validated at company’s ISO conditions confirms the output power of the new combustor fits the conventional system with slight eco-energy improvements. The modeling of the combustor in a complete microturbine assembly system is performed, then was utilized to further analysis of the microturbine with the designed combustor. The experimental results gave on average 46.7% electrical efficiency, 83.2% system efficiency, 12 kWe electrical power, and 90% recuperator effectiveness at nominal operating conditions of microturbine (MT). Sensitivity analyses evaluate changes in performance with respect to fuel phase (e.g., liquid or gaseous) and design variables (e.g., orientation, shape, and dimensions of combustor), leading to energy optimization of the unit. Experimental findings demonstrate that the combustor in microturbine can meet the target performance specifications of a company conventional diesel microturbine with significant savings. An objective function including both combustor and recuperator technical energy data is defined for finding the best ratio of fuel and air and their flow rates to find the most effective operating points for the operation of MT. Annual time series simulations completed for Coventry, West Midlands, United Kingdom indicate a new combustor can reduce operational costs of diesel fuel combustor by 8%, 2%, 36%, and 25% when supplying bioethanol, DME, biogas, and NG, respectively. Annual operating time of the renewable microturbine combustor at rated capacity included an 11% reduction in exergy loss with biogas fuel relative to diesel fuel.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The project Consortium Included Staffordshire University, Bladon Micro Turbine Ltd. and Cranfield University
Uncontrolled Keywords: Microturbine; Combustor; Design and Modelling; Biofuel; Carbon Neutrality
Faculty: School of Creative Arts and Engineering > Engineering
Depositing User: Hamidreza GOHARI DARABKHANI
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2020 15:09
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2023 13:58

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