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Exploring the Meaning of Spirituality and Spiritual Care in Chinese Contexts: a Scoping Review

Niu, Yanping, MCSHERRY, Wilfred and Partridge, Martin (2021) Exploring the Meaning of Spirituality and Spiritual Care in Chinese Contexts: a Scoping Review. Journal of Religion and Health. ISSN 1573-6571

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Abstract or description

Spirituality is recognised as a fundamental aspect of health and nursing care. Yet, there are few studies exploring how this concept may be understood outside of Western culture. This scoping review seeks to address this omission by focusing specifically on research conducted with Chinese populations. This is important because people from Chinese backgrounds (PBC) are now residing all over the world, and their spirituality and spiritual needs should be considered when providing healthcare. Adopting a purely generalist understanding and application of spirituality may not capture the cultural difference that exists between the East and West. This scoping review adopted Arksey and O’Malley’s method to focus on spirituality and spiritual care among PBC in health and nursing. The systematic strategy was adopted and used to search the main databases in health and nursing. Eighteen (n=18) empirical studies were included the review 11 qualitative studies and seven quantitative involving 1,870 participants.
The scoping review revealed that in the Chinese understanding of spirituality is an abstract and personal concept which can refer to an internal vital force, experiences of suffering, and traditional Chinese cultural and religious values. As the multidimensional understanding of spirituality and spiritual care my cause confusion, these findings may provide a direction for the researchers emphasising the need for cultural and religious sensitivity when understanding of spirituality.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: “This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Journal of Religion and Health. The final authenticated version is available online at:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Scoping review; Health; Nursing; Spirituality; Chinese
Faculty: School of Health and Social Care > Nursing
Depositing User: Wilfred MCSHERRY
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2021 16:44
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2023 14:01
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