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Risk factors associated with heel pressure ulcer development in adult population: A systematic literature review

DUBE, Alisen, Sidambe, Viola, Verdon, Amy, Phillips, Eloise, JONES, Sarahjane, Lintern, Maxine and Radford, Mark (2021) Risk factors associated with heel pressure ulcer development in adult population: A systematic literature review. Journal of Tissue Viability, 31 (1). ISSN 0965206X

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Abstract or description

The main aim of this systematic literature review was to identify risk factors for development of heel pressure ulcers and quantify their effect.

Pressure ulcers remain one of the key patient safety challenges across all health care settings and heels are the second most common site for developing pressure ulcers after the sacrum.

Quantitative systematic review.

Data sources: Electronic databases were searched for studies published between 1809 to March 2020 using keywords, Medical Subject Headings, and other index terms, as well as combinations of these terms and appropriate synonyms. Study eligibility criteria: Previous systematic literature reviews, cohort, case control and cross-sectional studies investigating risk factors for developing heel pressure ulcers. Only articles published in English were reviewed with no restrictions on date of publication. Participants: patients aged 18 years and above in any care setting. Study selection, data extraction, risk of bias and quality assessment were completed by two independent reviewers. Disagreements were resolved by discussion.

Eleven studies met the eligibility criteria and several potential risk factors were identified. However, eligible studies were mainly moderate to low quality except for three high quality studies.

There is a paucity of high quality evidence to identify risk factors associated with heel pressure ulcer development. Immobility, diabetes, vascular disease, impaired nutrition, perfusion issues, mechanical ventilation, surgery, and Braden subscales were identified as potential risk factors for developing heel pressure ulcers however, further well-designed studies are required to elucidate these factors. Other risk factors may also exist and require further investigation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: literature review, systematic review, heel, pressure ulcer, risk factors, predictors, contributory factors, adults, nursing.
Faculty: School of Health and Social Care > Nursing and Midwifery
Depositing User: Library STORE team
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2021 14:28
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2023 10:42

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