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Dental Caries Risk Assessment in Children 5 Years Old and under via Machine Learning

Sadegh-Zadeh, Seyed-Ali, Rahmani Qeranqayeh, Ali, Benkhalifa, Elhadj, Dyke, David, Taylor, Lynda and Bagheri, Mahshid (2022) Dental Caries Risk Assessment in Children 5 Years Old and under via Machine Learning. Dentistry Journal, 10 (9). p. 164. ISSN 2304-6767

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Abstract or description

Background: Dental caries is a prevalent, complex, chronic illness that is avoidable. Better dental health outcomes are achieved as a result of accurate and early caries risk prediction in children, which also helps to avoid additional expenses and repercussions. In recent years, artificial intelligence (AI) has been employed in the medical field to aid in the diagnosis and treatment of medical diseases. This technology is a critical tool for the early prediction of the risk of developing caries. Aim: Through the development of computational models and the use of machine learning classification techniques, we investigated the potential for dental caries factors and lifestyle among children under the age of five. Design: A total of 780 parents and their children under the age of five made up the sample. To build a classification model with high accuracy to predict caries risk in 0–5-year-old children, ten different machine learning modelling techniques (DT, XGBoost, KNN, LR, MLP, RF, SVM (linear, rbf, poly, sigmoid)) and two assessment methods (Leave-One-Out and K-fold) were utilised. The best classification model for caries risk prediction was chosen by analysing each classification model’s accuracy, specificity, and sensitivity. Results: Machine learning helped with the creation of computer algorithms that could take a variety of parameters into account, as well as the identification of risk factors for childhood caries. The performance of the classifier is almost unbiased, making it generalizable. Among all applied machine learning algorithms, Multilayer Perceptron and Random Forest had the best accuracy, with 97.4%. Support Vector Machine with RBF Kernel (with an accuracy of 97.4%) was better than Extreme Gradient Boosting (with 94.9% accuracy). Conclusion: The outcomes of this study show the potential of regular screening of children for caries risk by experts and finding the risk scores of dental caries for any individual. Therefore, in order to avoid dental caries, it is possible to concentrate on each individual by utilizing machine learning modelling.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: caries prediction; dental medicine; dental caries; artificial intelligence; diagnostic prediction
Faculty: School of Digital, Technologies and Arts > Computer Science, AI and Robotics
Depositing User: Ali SADEGH ZADEH
Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2022 14:42
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2023 14:04

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