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The role of social support and social identification in challenge and threat, perceived stress, and life satisfaction

GILLMAN, Jamie, TURNER, Martin and SLATER, Matthew (2024) The role of social support and social identification in challenge and threat, perceived stress, and life satisfaction. Social and Personality Psychology Compass. ISSN 1751-9004 (In Press)

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Abstract or description

Individualistic appraisals have dominated contemporary stress theory and have too often overlooked socially derived perceptions of group resources. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of social support and social identification on individuals’ challenge and threat appraisal, perceived stress, and life satisfaction across a range of group contexts. An online survey was completed by 480 participants across four groups: students (n = 110), workplace employees (n = 126), team sport athletes (n = 116), and group exercisers (n = 128) on one occasion. We found a positive relationship between social support and social identification along with significant associations of these social factors being positively related with self-efficacy, control, approach, and challenge, while negatively related with threat. Avoidance, along with challenge and threat was positively associated with perceived stress, while self-efficacy was negatively associated with perceived stress. Further, control, self-efficacy, social identification, and social support was positively associated with life satisfaction, while approach, threat, and perceived stress was negatively associated, with life satisfaction. Social identification also moderated the positive association between social support and life satisfaction. Overall, we found evidence for the resource appraisals outlined in contemporary theory being associated with both social support and social identification, along with perceived stress and life satisfaction across different group contexts. Therefore, when understanding individuals’ stress responses and associated life satisfaction, research and practice should consider the combination of individual and social factors.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an accepted manuscript of a forthcoming article which will appear in Social and Personality Psychology Compass, published by Wiley
Uncontrolled Keywords: cognitive appraisal; social identity; stress and coping; challenge and threat.
Faculty: School of Life Sciences and Education > Sport and Exercise
Depositing User: Matthew SLATER
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2024 09:57
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2024 04:30
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