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Gender differences in smoking: A longitudinal study of beliefs predicting smoking in 11-15 year olds

GROGAN, Sarah and CONNER, Mark and FRY, Gary and GOUGH, Brendan and HIGGINS, Andrea (2009) Gender differences in smoking: A longitudinal study of beliefs predicting smoking in 11-15 year olds. Psychology and Health, 24 (3). pp. 301-316. ISSN 0887-0446

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Abstract or description

This longitudinal study investigated differences in beliefs and perceived behavioural control between smokers and non-smokers in a large sample of adolescents. Positive and negative instrumental beliefs, normative beliefs, perceived behavioural control (PBC) and smoking status were assessed in the same participants at 11, 13 and 15 years of age. Prospective analyses among nonsmokers revealed that for boys, negative instrumental beliefs in non-smokers at age 11 predicted smoking at age 15 years. For girls, normative beliefs and PBC in non-smokers at age 11 predicted smoking status at age 13; normative beliefs at age 11 predicted smoking at age 15; and positive instrumental beliefs and normative beliefs at age 13 predicted smoking status at age 15. Cross-sectional data revealed that smokers were significantly more likely than non-smokers to endorse positive instrumental beliefs, less likely to agree with negative instrumental belief items, more likely than non-smokers to perceive social pressure to smoke, and less likely to report control over smoking, and that female smokers reported less control over smoking and fewer negative instrumental beliefs than all other groups including male smokers at age 13. The need for belief-based preventative interventions that are age- and gender-relevant is discussed.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Faculty: Faculty of Health Sciences > Psychology, Sport and Exercise
Depositing User: Sarah GROGAN
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2012 16:05
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2012 16:05
URI: http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/id/eprint/123

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