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Numerical classification of curvilinear structures for the identification of pistol barrels

BOLTON-KING, Rachel and BENCSIK, Martin and EVANS, J. Paul O. and SMITH, Clifton L. and ALLSOP, Derek F. and PAINTER, Jonathon D. and CRANTON, Wayne M. (2012) Numerical classification of curvilinear structures for the identification of pistol barrels. Forensic Science International, 220 (1-3). pp. 197-209. ISSN 0379-0738

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Abstract or description

This paper demonstrates a numerical pattern recognition method applied to curvilinear image structures. These structures are extracted from physical cross-sections of cast internal pistol barrel surfaces. Variations in structure arise from gun design and manufacturing method providing a basis for discrimination and identification.

Binarised curvilinear land transition images are processed with fast Fourier transform on which principal component analysis is performed. One-way analysis of variance (95 % confidence interval) concludes significant differentiation between 11 barrel manufacturers when calculating weighted Euclidean distance between any trio of land transitions and an average land transition for each barrel in the database. The proposed methodology is therefore a promising novel approach for the classification and identification of firearms.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Forensic firearm identification; Barrel manufacture; Rifling; Principal component analysis; Weighted Euclidean distance; Euclidean distance
Subjects: F400 Forensic and Archaeological Science
F900 Others in Physical Sciences
H700 Production and Manufacturing Engineering
Faculty: Previous Faculty of Computing, Engineering and Sciences > Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Rachel BOLTON-KING
Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2013 16:10
Last Modified: 19 Apr 2017 10:20
URI: http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/id/eprint/1266

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