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What are the Prospects of 3D Profiling Systems Applied to Firearms and Toolmark Identification?

BOLTON-KING, Rachel and EVANS, J. Paul O. and SMITH, Clifton L. and PAINTER, Jonathon D. and ALLSOP, Derek F. and CRANTON, Wayne M. (2010) What are the Prospects of 3D Profiling Systems Applied to Firearms and Toolmark Identification? AFTE Journal, 42 (1). pp. 23-33. ISSN 1048-9959

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Abstract or description

This paper details a comparative pilot study of 3D (three dimensional) imaging technologies for potential application in forensic firearms and toolmark identification; as such it reviews the most up-to-date profiling systems. In particular, the paper focuses on the application of 3D imaging and recording technology as applied to firearm identification, being a specialised field within the discipline of toolmark identification. Each technology under test employs a different technique or scientific principle to capture topographic data i.e. focus-variation microscopy, confocal microscopy, point laser profilometry and vertical scanning interferometry. To qualitatively establish the capabilities and limitations of each technology investigated, standard reference samples were used and a set of specific operational criteria devised for successful application in this field. The reference standard crucially included and centred on was the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) 'standard bullet'. This was to ensure that evaluation represented the practical examination of ballistic samples i.e. fired cartridge cases and bullets. It is concluded that focus-variation microscopy has potentially the most promising approach for a forensic laboratory instrument, in terms of functionality and 3D imaging performance, and is worthy of further investigation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 3D imaging, bullet, cartridge case, confocal microscopy, firearms identification, focus-variation microscopy, forensic ballistics, laser triangulation, optical profilometry, point laser profilometry, striae, stylus profilometry, toolmarks and vertical scanning interferometry
Subjects: F400 Forensic and Archaeological Science
F900 Others in Physical Sciences
J900 Others in Technology
Faculty: Previous Faculty of Computing, Engineering and Sciences > Sciences
Depositing User: Rachel BOLTON-KING
Date Deposited: 27 Aug 2013 13:56
Last Modified: 19 Apr 2017 10:21
URI: http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/id/eprint/1331

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