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Effective and Appropriate Communication with Children in Legal Proceedings According to Lawyers and Intermediaries

KRAHENBUHL, Sarah (2011) Effective and Appropriate Communication with Children in Legal Proceedings According to Lawyers and Intermediaries. Child Abuse Review, 20 (6). pp. 407-420. ISSN 0952-9136

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Abstract or description

Following the Government’s commitment to improve protection for child witnesses in the Criminal Justice Act 1991,interviewing protocols have been developed to provide guidance on effective interviewing. Additionally, the Youth Justice and Criminal Evidence Act 1999 intermediary special
measure was provided in order to facilitate communication between child witnesses and ‘interviewers’ during the entire legal process. This article presents findings from a study that aimed to establish whether, over a decade later, there is accordance between intermediaries and lawyers about perceptions of appropriate communication in the context of investigative interviews and cross-examination of children. Participants (19 intermediaries and 12 lawyers) examined transcripts of a mock investigative interview and cross-examination of a child and noted which, if any, questions
or phrases they perceived to be inappropriate, to state what was inappropriate and to suggest how these could be amended. Qualitative analysis showed that both groups demonstrated awareness of the emotional and developmental needs of the child but there was a lack of understanding of some aspects of the interviewing guidance, particularly in respect to the
definition of leading questions, the use of recommended question formats and procedural aspects.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: cross-examination; investigative interview; intermediaries; child witnesses
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Faculty: Faculty of Health Sciences > Psychology, Sport and Exercise
Depositing User: Sarah KRAHENBUHL
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2012 16:06
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2013 10:35
URI: http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/id/eprint/169

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