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Manipulating cardiovascular indices of challenge and threat using resource appraisals

TURNER, Martin and JONES, Marc and Sheffield, David and BARKER, Jamie and COFFEE, Pete (2014) Manipulating cardiovascular indices of challenge and threat using resource appraisals. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 94. pp. 9-18.

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Abstract or description

Challenge and threat reflect two distinct psychophysiological approaches to motivated
performance situations. Challenge is related to superior performance in a range of tasks
compared to threat, thus methods to promote challenge are valuable. In this paper we
manipulate challenge and threat cardiovascular reactivity using only resource appraisals,
without altering perceived task demands between challenge and threat conditions. Study 1
used a competitive throwing task and Study 2 used a physically demanding climbing task. In
both studies challenge task instructions led to challenge cardiovascular reactivity and threat
task instructions led to threat cardiovascular reactivity. In study 1, participants who received
challenge instructions performed better than participants who received threat instructions. In
study 2, attendance at the climbing task did not differ across groups. The findings have
implications for stress management in terms of focusing on manipulating appraisals of
upcoming tasks by promoting self-efficacy and perceived control, and focusing on approach
goals. Future research could more reliably assess the influence of similar task instructions on
performance.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: C600 Sports Science
C800 Psychology
Faculty: Previous Faculty of Health Sciences > Psychology, Sport and Exercise
Depositing User: Martin TURNER
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2015 12:19
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2015 12:19
URI: http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/id/eprint/2015

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