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Factors contributing to student nurses'/midwives' perceived competencynin spiritual care

Ross, Linda and Giske, Tove and van Leeuwen, (René) and Baldacchino, Donia and MCSHERRY, Wilfred and Narayanasmay, Aru and Jarvis, Paul and Schep-Akkerman, Annemiek Factors contributing to student nurses'/midwives' perceived competencynin spiritual care. Nurse Education Today. ISSN 0260-6917 (In Press)

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Abstract or description

Background: The spiritual part of life is important to health,well-being and quality of life. Spiritual care is expected
of nurses/midwives, but it is not clear how students can achieve competency in spiritual care at point of
registration as required by regulatory bodies.
Aim: To explore factors contributing to undergraduate nurses'/midwives' perceived competency in giving
spiritual care.
Design: A pilot cross-sectional, multinational, correlational survey design.
Method: Questionnaires were completed by 86% (n = 531) of a convenience sample of 618 undergraduate
nurses/midwives from six universities in four countries in 2010. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were
performed.
Results: Differences between groupswere small. Two factorswere significantly related to perceived spiritual care
competency: perception of spirituality/spiritual care and student's personal spirituality. Students reporting
higher perceived competency viewed spirituality/spiritual care broadly, not just in religious terms. This association
between perceived competency and perception of spirituality is a new finding not previously reported. Further
results reinforce findings in the literature that own spirituality was a strong predictor of perceived ability to
provide spiritual care, as students reporting higher perceived competency engaged in spiritual activities, were
from secular universities and had previous healthcare experience. They were also religious, practised their
faith/belief and scored highly on spiritual well-being and spiritual attitude/involvement.
Conclusions: The challenge for nurse/midwifery educators is how they might enhance spiritual care competency
in students who are not religious and how they might encourage students who hold a narrow view of spirituality/
spiritual care to broaden their perspective to include the full range of spiritual concerns that patients/clients may
encounter. Statistical models created predicted factors contributing to spiritual care competency to some extent
but the picture is complex requiring further investigation involving a bigger andmore diverse longitudinal sample.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B700 Nursing
Faculty: Faculty of Health Sciences > Nursing and Midwifery
Depositing User: Wilfred MCSHERRY
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2015 09:46
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2016 10:16
URI: http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/id/eprint/2189

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