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The Applicability of Plantar Padding in Reducing Peak Plantar Pressure in the Forefeet of Healthy AdultsImplications for the Foot at Risk.

Gatt, Alfred and Briffa, Andrea and Chockalingam, Nachiappan and Formosa, Cynthia (2016) The Applicability of Plantar Padding in Reducing Peak Plantar Pressure in the Forefeet of Healthy AdultsImplications for the Foot at Risk. Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association, 106 (4). pp. 246-51. ISSN 1930-8264

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Abstract or description

BACKGROUND

We investigated the effectiveness and durability of two types of plantar padding, the plantar metatarsal pad and the single wing plantar cover, which are commonly used for reducing forefoot plantar pressures.

METHODS

Mean peak plantar pressure and impulse at the hallux and at the first, second, third, and fourth metatarsophalangeal joints across both feet were recorded using the two-step method in 18 individuals with normal asymptomatic feet. Plantar paddings were retained for 5 days, and their durability and effectiveness were assessed by repeating the foot plantar measurement at baseline and after 3 and 5 days.

RESULTS

The single wing plantar cover devised from 5-mm felt adhesive padding was effective and durable in reducing peak plantar pressure and impulse at the first metatarsophalangeal joint (P = .001 and P = .015, respectively); however, it was not found to be effective in reducing peak plantar pressure and impulse at the hallux (P = .782 and P = .845, respectively). The plantar metatarsal pad was not effective in reducing plantar forefoot pressure and impulse at the second, third, and fourth metatarsophalangeal joints (P = .310 and P = .174, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS

These results imply limited applicability of the single wing plantar cover and the plantar metatarsal pad in reducing hallux pressure and second through fourth metatarsophalangeal joint pressure, respectively. However, the single wing plantar cover remained durable for the 5 days of the trial and was effective in reducing the peak plantar pressure and impulse underneath the first metatarsophalangeal joint.

Item Type: Article
Faculty: Previous Faculty of Health Sciences > Psychology, Sport and Exercise
Depositing User: Nachiappan CHOCKALINGAM
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2016 09:34
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2016 09:34
URI: http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/id/eprint/2423

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