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Braces for idiopathic scoliosis in adolescents

Negrini, Stefano and Minozzi, Silvia and Bettany-Saltikov, Josette and CHOCKALINGAM, Nachiappan and Grivas, Theodoros B. and Kotwicki, Tomasz and Maruyama, Toru and Romano, Michele and Zaina, Fabio and Negrini, Stefano (2015) Braces for idiopathic scoliosis in adolescents. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2015 (6). pp. 1-78. ISSN 1469-493X

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Abstract or description

Background

Idiopathic scoliosis is a three-dimensional deformity of the spine. The most common form is diagnosed in adolescence. While adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) can progress during growth and cause a surface deformity, it is usually not symptomatic. However, in adulthood, if the final spinal curvature surpasses a certain critical threshold, the risk of health problems and curve progression is increased.
Objectives

To evaluate the efficacy of bracing for adolescents with AIS versus no treatment or other treatments, on quality of life, disability, pulmonary disorders, progression of the curve, and psychological and cosmetic issues.
Search methods

We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, five other databases, and two trials registers up to February 2015 for relevant clinical trials. We also checked the reference lists of relevant articles and conducted an extensive handsearch of grey literature.
Selection criteria

Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and prospective controlled cohort studies comparing braces with no treatment, other treatment, surgery, and different types of braces for adolescent with AIS.
Data collection and analysis

We used standard methodological procedures expected by The Cochrane Collaboration.

Item Type: Article
Faculty: Previous Faculty of Health Sciences > Psychology, Sport and Exercise
Depositing User: Nachiappan CHOCKALINGAM
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2017 17:13
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2017 17:13
URI: http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/id/eprint/2953

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