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Neighbourhood green space, social environment and mental health: an examination in four European cities

Ruijsbroek, Annemarie, Mohnen, Sigrid M., Droomers, Mariël, Kruize, Hanneke, GIDLOW, Christopher, Gražulevičiene, Regina, Andrusaityte, Sandra, Maas, Jolanda, Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark J., Triguero-Mas, Margarita, MASTERSON, Daniel, ELLIS, Naomi, van Kempen, Elise, Hardyns, Wim, Stronks, Karien and Groenewegen, Peter P. (2017) Neighbourhood green space, social environment and mental health: an examination in four European cities. International Journal of Public Health. ISSN 1661-8556

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Abstract or description


This study examines the relationship between neighbourhood green space, the neighbourhood social environment (social cohesion, neighbourhood attachment, social contacts), and mental health in four European cities.


The PHENOTYPE study was carried out in 2013 in Barcelona (Spain), Stoke-on-Trent (United Kingdom), Doetinchem (The Netherlands), and Kaunas (Lithuania). 3771 adults living in 124 neighbourhoods answered questions on mental health, neighbourhood social environment, and amount and quality of green space. Additionally, audit data on neighbourhood green space were collected. Multilevel regression analyses examined the relation between neighbourhood green space and individual mental health and the influence of neighbourhood social environment.


Mental health was only related to green (audit) in Barcelona. The amount and quality of neighbourhood green space (audit and perceived) were related to social cohesion in Doetinchem and Stoke-on-Trent and to neighbourhood attachment in Doetinchem. In all four cities, mental health was associated with social contacts.


Neighbourhood green was related to mental health only in Barcelona. Though neighbourhood green was related to social cohesion and attachment, the neighbourhood social environment seems not the underlying mechanism for this relationship.

Item Type: Article
Faculty: School of Life Sciences and Education > Psychology
Depositing User: Christopher GIDLOW
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2017 10:16
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2023 13:47

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