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Does the Health Impact of Exposure to Neighbourhood Green Space Differ between Population Groups? An Explorative Study in Four European Cities

Ruijsbroek, Annemarie and Droomers, Mariël and Kruize, Hanneke and van Kempen, Elise and GIDLOW, Christopher and HURST, Gemma and Andrusaityte, Sandra and Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark and Maas, Jolanda and Hardyns, Wim and Stronks, Karien and Groenewegen, Peter (2017) Does the Health Impact of Exposure to Neighbourhood Green Space Differ between Population Groups? An Explorative Study in Four European Cities. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14 (6). p. 618. ISSN 1660-4601

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Abstract or description

It has been suggested that certain residents, such as those with a low socioeconomic status, the elderly, and women, may benefit more from the presence of neighbourhood green space than others. We tested this hypothesis for age, gender, educational level, and employment status in four European cities. Data were collected in Barcelona (Spain; n = 1002), Kaunas (Lithuania; n = 989), Doetinchem (The Netherlands; n = 847), and Stoke-on-Trent (UK; n = 933) as part of the EU-funded PHENOTYPE project. Surveys were used to measure mental and general health, individual characteristics, and perceived neighbourhood green space. Additionally, we used audit data about neighbourhood green space. In Barcelona, there were positive associations between neighbourhood green space and general health among low-educated residents. In the other cities and for the other population groups, there was little evidence that the association between health and neighbourhood green space differed between population groups. Overall, our study does not support the assumption that the elderly, women, and residents who are not employed full-time benefit more from neighbourhood green space than others. Only in the highly urbanised city of Barcelona did the low-educated group benefit from neighbourhood green spaces. Perhaps neighbourhood green spaces are more important for the health of low-educated residents in particularly highly urbanised areas.

Item Type: Article
Faculty: School of Life Sciences and Education > Psychology
Depositing User: Christopher GIDLOW
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2017 11:00
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2017 11:03
URI: http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/id/eprint/3216

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