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Relative importance of physical and social aspects of perceived neighbourhood environment for self-reported health

GIDLOW, Christopher and COCHRANE, Thomas and Davey, Rachel C. and SMITH, Graham and FAIRBURN, Jonathan (2010) Relative importance of physical and social aspects of perceived neighbourhood environment for self-reported health. Preventive Medicine, 51 (2). pp. 157-163. ISSN 0091 7435

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Abstract or description

Objective: To explore the relative importance of the perceived physical and social neighbourhood environment for physical and mental health. Methods: A representative random sample of adults was recruited from 10 areas across Stoke-on-Trent, UK (June-September 2007). Interview-administered surveys were used to record data on the perceived neighbourhood environment (physical and social), self-reported health, and socio-demographics. Multiple regression analysis was used to explore independent associations between environmental factors and physical and mental health. Results: Independent physical and social environmental factors respectively explained 6.0% and 3.2% of variability in physical health and 2.8% and 4.4% of variability in mental health. Diversity of land use was the strongest and only physical environmental predictor of physical health (Beta=0.27, p<0.001), explaining more variability than social environmental factors combined. Conversely, social support was the most important (and only) social environmental factor for mental health (Beta=-0.20, p<0.001); again, this explained more variability in mental health than the combined effect of four physical environmental predictors. Conclusion: Perceived physical and social environmental characteristics were important for physical and mental health, independent of socio-demographic factors. Living in neighbourhoods with greater land use diversity appears particularly important for physical health, whereas social support appears more closely linked to mental health.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
Faculty: Previous Faculty of Business, Education and Law > Business
Previous Faculty of Computing, Engineering and Sciences > Sciences
Previous Faculty of Health Sciences > Psychology, Sport and Exercise
Depositing User: Jon FAIRBURN
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2013 10:17
Last Modified: 04 May 2017 11:29

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