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Observations of Schottky and Poole-Frenkel emission in lead phthalocyanine thin films using aluminium injecting electrodes

SADAT-SHAFAI, Torfeh and Gould, R.D. (1992) Observations of Schottky and Poole-Frenkel emission in lead phthalocyanine thin films using aluminium injecting electrodes. International Journal of Electronics, 73 (2). pp. 307-313. ISSN 00207217

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Abstract or description

DC current density-voltage measurements have been performed on vacuum evaporated aluminium-lead phthalocyanine-gold sandwich structures for both electrical polarities. The electrical characteristics differed markedly depending on whether the positive hole-injecting electrode was gold (forward-bias) or aluminium (reverse-bias). An extensive study of such characteristics revealed two distinct regions in the forward-bias characteristics. In the first of these a power-law dependence of current density (J) on voltage (V) was observed with exponent n∼4, and this was identified with space-charge-limited conductivity (SCLC) controlled by an exponential distribution of trap levels of approximate concentration 1025 m−3 in agreement with the authors’ earlier work. In the second region a square-law dependence of J on V was observed, which was identified with SCLC controlled by traps of approximate concentration 1026m−3 and situated at a discrete energy level. Under reverse-bias, current density was considerably lower than for forward-bias and invariably showed a linear dependence of log J on V1/2, but with different slopes in the lower and higher voltage ranges. At lower voltages this behaviour was related to Schottky emission with barrier height ����s∼1 eV and width approximately 50 nm, while at higher voltages Poole-Frenkel emission was identified. Measurements of capacitance C as a function of applied voltage gave a linear dependence of C−2 on V under reverse bias, confirming both the existence of a Shottky barrier and a barrier height of approximately 1 eV. © 1992 Taylor & Francis Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: cited By 18
Faculty: School of Creative Arts and Engineering > Engineering
Depositing User: Library STORE team
Date Deposited: 09 May 2018 15:50
Last Modified: 09 May 2018 15:50
URI: http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/id/eprint/4393

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