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Quantitative Ultrasound and bone's response to exercise: A meta analysis

BABATUNDE, O.O. and FORSYTH, Jacky (2013) Quantitative Ultrasound and bone's response to exercise: A meta analysis. BONE, 53 (1). pp. 311-318. ISSN 87563282

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Abstract or description

The utility of Quantitative Ultrasound (QUS) for assessing and monitoring changes in bone health due to exercise is limited for lack of adequate research evidence. Restrictions to bone density testing and the enduring debate over repeat dual energy absorptiometry testing spells uncertainty over clinical and non-clinical evaluation of exercise for prevention of osteoporosis. This study, via systematic review and meta-analysis, aimed to paint a portrait of current evidence regarding QUS’ application to monitoring bone’s adaptive response to exercise interventions. Methods: Structured and comprehensive search of databases was undertaken along with hand-searching of key journals and reference lists to locate relevant studies published up to December 2011. Twelve articles met predetermined inclusion criteria. The effect of exercise interventions for improving bone health, as measured by QUS of the calcaneum, was examined across the age spectrum. Study outcomes for analysis: absolute (dB/MHz) or relative change (%) in broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA) and/or os calcis stiffness index were compared by calculating standardised mean difference (SMD) using fixed- and random-effects models. Results: Quality of included trials varied from low to high on a scale of one to three. Four to 36 months of exercise led to a significant improvement in calcaneum BUA (0.98 SMD, 95% CI 0.80, 1.16, overall effect Z-value=10.72, p=0.001) across the age spectrum. Conclusion: The meta-analysis attest to the sensitivity of QUS to exercise-induced changes in bone health across the age groups. QUS may be considered for use in exercise-based bone health interventions for preventing osteoporosis.
Key words: QUS* BUA* exercise * osteoporosis* prevention*meta-analysis

Item Type: Article
Subjects: C600 Sports Science
Faculty: Faculty of Health Sciences > Psychology, Sport and Exercise
Depositing User: Jacky FORSYTH
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2013 13:20
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2013 13:12
URI: http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/id/eprint/450

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