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Assessing mental skill and technique use in applied interventions: Recognizing and minimizing threats to the psychometric properties of the TOPS

WOODCOCK, C. and DUDA, J. L. and CUMMING, J. and SHARP, L. and HOLLAND, M. J. G. (2012) Assessing mental skill and technique use in applied interventions: Recognizing and minimizing threats to the psychometric properties of the TOPS. The Sport Psychologist, 26 (1). pp. 1-15. ISSN 0888-4781

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Abstract or description

Drawing from the experiences of the authors in developing, conducting, and evaluating sport psychology interventions, several considerations are highlighted and recommendations offered for effective psychometric assessment. Using the Test of Performance Strategies (TOPS; Thomas, Murphy, & Hardy, 1999) as a working example, opportunities for bias to undermine a measure’s validity and reliability are discussed with reference to a respondent’s four cognitive processes: (a) comprehension, (b) retrieval, (c) decision-making, and (d) response generation. Further threats to an instrument’s psychometric properties are highlighted in the form of demand characteristics athletes perceive in the environment. With these concerns in mind, several recommendations are made relating to the process of questionnaire administration and how possible compromises to the psychometric soundness of measures used in applied interventions can be minimized.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: INTERVENTION TOPS
Subjects: C600 Sports Science
Faculty: Faculty of Health Sciences > Psychology, Sport and Exercise
Depositing User: Charlotte LUMSDEN-COOK
Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2013 14:35
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2013 14:35
URI: http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/id/eprint/466

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