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Forensic Canine White Papers A proof of concept foundational guide to the application of forensic canines within law enforcement investigations, research and training development

GRIME, Martin and CASSELLA, John (2018) Forensic Canine White Papers A proof of concept foundational guide to the application of forensic canines within law enforcement investigations, research and training development. Other. Staffordshire University, Staffordshire University.

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Abstract or description

In 2005 it was realised that detection canines may be of assistance to the law enforcement investigation of homicide and allegations of abduction where the pace of investigations is of paramount importance. Innovative method and ‘out of the box thinking by the UK National Search Manager introduced Human Scent Trailing, Human Blood Detection and Victim Recovery Dogs (now collectively designated as Forensic Canines) within critical case investigations to ascertain whether or not they could provide case intelligence.

Our preliminary trials tended to support this was a viable program with a number of successes being recorded where canine responses supporting the death of a victim have been substantiated by the victim being confirmed as deceased, or to this date not being found alive. These resources would however require scientific development and improvement to raise confidence and credibility within the industry.

Since then we have conducted research and developed doctrine and methodology based upon published scientific proof of concept. Our success has continued, and the use of this type of detection has been included within judicial process where prosecutors have thought it appropriate within the laws of the country or State.

The use of this type of detection canine will always require interpretation of responses as to the weight of case intelligence and corroboration via scientific means or anecdotal witness evidence. It will always also be a catalyst for conjecture where persons not suitably qualified or in full possession of the facts of the case make uninformed judgements after the fact.

The public should be aware that detection canine responses do not confirm criminal behaviour or identify suspects. They merely identify possible sources of odour transference or trace evidence, and assist investigators develop intelligence of possible scenarios concerning suspected homicide and abduction. This is completed as early as is possible within the investigative stages. It is incumbent upon investigators to establish the facts and prosecutors to apply the law.

The author recognises the skills of canine detection trainers and handlers, search managers, and executive management. This document has been prepared to cascade practitioner experience and foundational learning from an association between practitioner and research institute. It provides doctrine that may be considered supportive to the production of mission impactive, proficient, and effective Forensic Detection canine teams within a Value for Money Framework. It forms the foundation for the initiation, development, and management, of mission impactive canine programs, whilst providing supportive ‘proof of concept’ for the correct interpretation of canine responses, for the benefit of those in the process of developing these resources through research, and to assist in the provision of resilience within the industry. It may be informative to graduate and post graduate students as a foundation from which they may identify appropriate project subjects, and research topics in support of development and improvement.

Item Type: Monograph or Report (Other)
Faculty: School of Law, Policing and Forensics > Law
Depositing User: John CASSELLA
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2018 10:25
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2023 13:52

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