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A Scoping Literature Review of Studies Assessing Effectiveness and Cost-Effectiveness of Prosthetic and Orthotic Interventions

HEALY, Aoife, FARMER, Sybil, EDDISON, Nicola, ALLCOCK, Jonathan, PERRY, Thomas, PANDYAN, Anand and CHOCKALINGAM, Nachiappan (2018) A Scoping Literature Review of Studies Assessing Effectiveness and Cost-Effectiveness of Prosthetic and Orthotic Interventions. Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology. ISSN 1748-3107 (In Press)

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Abstract or description

Purpose: Approximately 1.5% of the world’s population (~100 million people) need a prosthesis/orthosis. The objective of the study was to establish an overview of the literature that has examined prosthetic and orthotic interventions with a view to inform policy development.
Methods: Fourteen databases were searched from 1995-2015. Studies reporting primary research on the effectiveness or cost-effectiveness of prosthetic and orthotic interventions were examined. Metadata and information on study characteristics were extracted from the included studies.
Results: The searches resulted in a total of 28,958 articles, a focus on studies with the words “randomised” OR “randomized” OR “cost” OR “economic” in their citation reduced this total to 2,644. Research has predominantly been conducted in Australia, Canada, Germany, Netherlands, UK and USA. 346 randomised controlled trials were identified, with only four randomised controlled trials examining prosthetic interventions. The majority of research examined lower limb orthoses in the adult population and used a wide range of outcome measures.
Conclusions: While various international organisations have highlighted the value of providing prosthetic and orthotic services, both to the user and society as a whole, the availability of scientific research to inform policy is limited. Future structured evaluation of prosthetic and orthotic interventions/services is warranted to inform future policy developments.

Item Type: Article
Faculty: School of Life Sciences and Education > Sport and Exercise
Depositing User: Aoife HEALY
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2018 12:36
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2018 10:05
URI: http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/id/eprint/4752

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