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Deep-sea anthropogenic macrodebris harbours rich and diverse communities of bacteria and archaea

Woodall, Lucy C., Jungblut, Anna D., Hopkins, Kevin, Hall, Andie, Robinson, Laura F., GWINNETT, Claire and Paterson, Gordon L. J. (2018) Deep-sea anthropogenic macrodebris harbours rich and diverse communities of bacteria and archaea. PLOS ONE, 13 (11). ISSN 1932-6203

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Abstract or description

The deep sea is the largest biome on earth, and microbes dominate in biomass and abundance. Anthropogenic litter is now almost ubiquitous in this biome, and its deposition creates new habitats and environments, including for microbial assemblages. With the ever increasing accumulation of this debris, it is timely to identify and describe the bacterial and archaeal communities that are able to form biofilms on macrodebris in the deep sea. Using 16S rRNA gene high throughput sequencing, we show for the first time the composition of bacteria and archaea on macrodebris collected from the deep sea. Our data suggest differences in the microbial assemblage composition across litter of different materials including metal, rubber, glass, fabric and plastic. These results imply that anthropogenic macrodebris provide diverse habitats for bacterial and archaeal biofilms and each may harbour distinct microbial communities.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** From PLOS via Jisc Publications Router. ** History: collection 2018; received 20-04-2018; accepted 09-10-2018; epub 28-11-2018. ** Licence for this article: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Research Article, Earth sciences, Physical sciences, Biology and life sciences
Faculty: School of Law, Policing and Forensics > Criminal Justice and Forensic Science
SWORD Depositor: JISC pubrouter
Depositing User: JISC pubrouter
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2018 15:53
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2018 15:53
URI: http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/id/eprint/4977

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