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Social Inequalities in Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution: A Systematic Review in the WHO European Region

FAIRBURN, Jon, Schüle, Steffen, Dreger, Stefanie, Hilz, Lisa Karla and Bolte, Gabriele (2019) Social Inequalities in Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution: A Systematic Review in the WHO European Region. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16 (17). ISSN 1661-7827

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Abstract or description

Ambient air pollution is a long-standing and significant public health issue. The aim of this review is to systematically examine the peer-reviewed evidence on social inequalities and ambient air pollution in the World Health Organization European Region. Articles published between 2010 and 2017 were analyzed in the review. In total 31 articles were included in the review. There is good evidence from ecological studies that higher deprivation indices and low economic position are usually linked with higher levels of pollutants such as particulate matter (particulate matter under 2.5 and 10 microns in diameter, PM2.5, PM10) and oxides of nitrogen (e.g., NO2, and NOx). There is also evidence that ethnic minorities experience a mixed exposure in comparison to the majority population being sometimes higher and sometimes lower depending on the ethnic minority under consideration. The studies using data at the individual level in this review are mainly focused on pregnant women or new mothers, in these studies deprivation and ethnicity are more likely to be linked to higher exposures of poor air quality. Therefore, there is evidence in this review that the burden of higher pollutants falls disproportionally on different social groups

Item Type: Article
Faculty: School of Business, Leadership and Economics > Business, Management and Marketing
Depositing User: Jon FAIRBURN
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2019 08:27
Last Modified: 05 Sep 2019 08:27
URI: http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/id/eprint/5843

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