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Exercise Interventions for Preventing and Treating Low Bone Mass in the Forearm: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Babatunde, Opeyemi O., Bourton, Amy L., Hind, Karen, Paskins, Zoe and FORSYTH, Jacky (2019) Exercise Interventions for Preventing and Treating Low Bone Mass in the Forearm: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. ISSN 00039993 (In Press)

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Abstract or description

Objective: To examine the effectiveness of exercises for improving forearm bone mass.
Data Sources: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, AMED, Web of Science, and Cochrane CENTRAL were searched from their inception until
December 2018.
Study Selection: Eligibility included adults undertaking upper limb exercise interventions (�12wk) to improve bone mass.
Data Extraction: Screening of titles, abstracts, and full texts and data extraction were undertaken independently by pairs of reviewers. Included
studies were quality appraised using Cochrane risk of bias tool.
Data Synthesis: Exercise interventions were classified into “resistance training” of high or low intensity (HIRT/LIRT, respectively) or “impact.”
Random-effects meta-analysis of the percentage change in forearm bone mass from baseline was conducted. Twenty-six studies were included in
the review, of which 21 provided suitable data for meta-analysis. Methodological quality ranged from “low” to “unclear” risk of bias. Exercise
generally led to increases (moderate-quality evidence) in forearm bone mass (standard mean difference [SMD], 1.27; 95% CI, 0.66-1.88; overall
effect Z valueZ4.10; P<.001). HIRT (SMD, 1.00; 95% CI, 0.37-1.62; Z valueZ3.11; PZ.002), and LIRT (SMD, 2.36; 95% CI, 0.37-4.36; Z
valueZ2.33; P<.001) led to moderate increases in forearm bone mass. Improvements resulting from impact exercises (SMD, 1.12; 95% CI, �1.27
to 3.50; Z valueZ0.92; PZ.36) were not statistically significant (low-quality evidence).
Conclusions: There is moderate-quality evidence that exercise is effective for improving forearm bone mass. There is moderate-quality evidence
that upper body resistance exercise (HIRT/LIRT) promotes forearm bone mass but low-quality evidence for impact exercise. Current evidence is
equivocal regarding which exercise is most effective for improving forearm bone mass.
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2019

Item Type: Article
Faculty: School of Life Sciences and Education > Sport and Exercise
Depositing User: Jacky FORSYTH
Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2019 09:00
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2019 09:00
URI: http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/id/eprint/5873

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