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Enhanced NOMA System Using Adaptive Coding and Modulation Based on LSTM Neural Network Channel Estimation

Abdel Moniem, Mai, Gasser, Safa, El-Mahallawy, Mohamed, Fakhr, Mohamed and SOLIMAN, Abdel-Hamid (2019) Enhanced NOMA System Using Adaptive Coding and Modulation Based on LSTM Neural Network Channel Estimation. Applied Sciences, 9 (15). ISSN 2076-3417

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Abstract or description

Non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) is the technique proposed for multiple access in the fifth generation (5G) cellular network. In NOMA, different users are allocated different power levels and are served using the same time/frequency resource blocks (RBs). The main challenges in existing NOMA systems are the limited channel feedback and the difficulty of merging it with advanced adaptive coding and modulation schemes. Unlike formerly proposed solutions, in this paper, we propose an effective channel estimation (CE) algorithm based on the long-short term memory (LSTM) neural network. The LSTM has the advantage of adapting dynamically to the behavior of the fluctuating channel state. On average, the use of LSTM results in a 10% lower outage probability and a 37% increase in the user sum rate as well as a maximal reduction in the bit error rate (BER) of 50% in comparison to the conventional NOMA system. Furthermore, we propose a novel power coefficient allocation algorithm based on binomial distribution and Pascal’s triangle. This algorithm is used to divide power among N users according to each user’s channel condition. In addition, we introduce adaptive code rates and rotated constellations with cyclic Q-delay in the quadri-phase shift keying (QPSK) and quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) modulators. This modified modulation scheme overcomes channel fading effects and helps to restore the transmitted sequences with fewer errors. In addition to the initial LSTM stage, the added adaptive coding and modulation stages result in a 73% improvement in the BER in comparison to the conventional NOMA system

Item Type: Article
Faculty: School of Creative Arts and Engineering > Engineering
Depositing User: Abdel-Hamid SOLIMAN
Date Deposited: 14 Oct 2019 10:37
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2019 10:37
URI: http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/id/eprint/5891

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