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Prosocial exchange systems: Nonreciprocal giving, lending, and skill-sharing

Harvey, John, Smith, Andrew, Golightly, David, Goulding, James and GALLAGE, Samanthika (2020) Prosocial exchange systems: Nonreciprocal giving, lending, and skill-sharing. Computers in Human Behavior. ISSN 0747-5632

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Abstract or description

Prosocial exchange systems support cooperation and exchange in support of more sustainable forms of consumption. While often assumed that exchanges within such systems are reciprocal, it remains unproven as to what extent reciprocity occurs. This study uses data from a live service – Streetbank.com - to present an analysis of direct and indirect reciprocal relationships (for interactions of giving, lending, and skillsharing) over 4 and half years. The dataset contains behavioural data relating to 5053 acts of offline non-monetary exchange. The analysis categorised different forms of exchange that took place – giving, lending, and skill sharing. These exchanges were then analysed for direct (one-to-one) and indirect reciprocity (chains of three or more users). The results show that instances of reciprocity are rare, and when present often span more than one type of exchange. The conclusion is that reciprocity cannot be assumed to be the norm in prosocial exchange systems. Practically, design and deployment should not be predicated on reciprocity. Furthermore, any means to encourage reciprocity should make patterns of exchange visible, and do so across hybrid forms of exchange.

Item Type: Article
Faculty: School of Business, Leadership and Economics > Business, Management and Marketing
Depositing User: Samanthika GALLAGE
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2020 11:14
Last Modified: 14 May 2020 10:59
URI: http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/id/eprint/6158

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