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Educational interventions and strategies for spiritual care in nursing and healthcare students and staff: A scoping review

Rykkje, Linda, Søvik, Margrethe Bakstad, Ross, Linda, MCSHERRY, Wilfred, Cone, Pamela and Giske, Tove (2021) Educational interventions and strategies for spiritual care in nursing and healthcare students and staff: A scoping review. Journal Of Clinical Nursing. pp. 1-25. ISSN 1365-2702

Journal of Clinical Nursing - 2021 - Rykkje - Educational interventions and strategies for spiritual care in nursing and.pdf - Publisher's typeset copy
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Abstract or description

Aims and objectives
To map existing evidence about educational interventions or strategies in nursing and allied healthcare concerning students’ and staffs’ spiritual care provision.

Spiritual care is an important part of whole person care, but healthcare staff lack competence and awareness of spiritual issues in practice. To rectify this, it is important to identify what educational approaches are most helpful in supporting them to provide spiritual care.

A scoping review using the PRISMA-ScR checklist.

Searches in the databases CINAHL, MEDLINE, ATLA and ERIC were conducted for papers spanning January 2009–May 2020. Search terms were related to spirituality, spiritual care, education and clinical teaching. Appraisal tools were used.

From the 2128 potentially relevant papers, 36 were included. The studies were from 15 different countries and involved nurses, physicians and other health-related professions, and both quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods were used. The results are presented in three themes: Understanding of spirituality, Strategies in educational settings, and Strategies in practice settings. The review points to great diversity in the content, lengths and setting of the educational interventions or strategies.

Courses in spiritual care should be implemented in curricula in both undergraduate and postgraduate education, and several studies suggest it should be mandatory. Courses should also be available for healthcare staff to raise awareness and to encourage the integration of spiritual care into their everyday practice. There is a need for greater consensus about how spirituality and spiritual care are described in healthcare settings.

Relevance to clinical practice
Spiritual care must be included both in monodisciplinary and multidisciplinary educational settings. The main result of spiritual care courses is in building awareness of spiritual issues and self-awareness. To ensure the provision of spiritual care for patients in healthcare practices, continuing and multidisciplinary education is recommended.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.
Uncontrolled Keywords: education; healthcare; nursing practice; scoping review; spiritual; care spirituality
Faculty: School of Health and Social Care > Nursing and Midwifery
Depositing User: Wilfred MCSHERRY
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2021 14:40
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2023 14:02

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