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Increased exposure to loading is associated with decreased plantar soft tissue hardness in people with diabetes and neuropathy

Allan, D., Chatzistergos, P.E., Mahadevan, S., Healy, A., Sundar, L., Ramachandran, A., Kumar, S., Punnoose, A., Chockalingam, N. and Naemi, R. (2022) Increased exposure to loading is associated with decreased plantar soft tissue hardness in people with diabetes and neuropathy. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 187. p. 109865. ISSN 01688227

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Abstract or description

Literature indicates that altered plantar loading in people with diabetes could trigger changes in plantar soft tissue biomechanics which, in turn, could affect the risk for ulceration. To stimulate more research in this area, this study uses in vivo testing to investigate the link between plantar loading and tissue hardness.

Tissue hardness and plantar pressure distribution were measured for six plantar areas in 39 people with diabetes and peripheral neuropathy.

Spearman correlation analysis revealed that increased pressure time integral at the 1st metatarsal-head region (r = -0.354, n = 39, P = 0.027) or at the heel (r = -0.378, n = 39, P = 0.018) was associated with reduced hardness in the same regions. After accounting for confounding parameters, generalised estimating equations analysis also showed that 10% increase in pressure time integral at the heel was associated with ≈ 1 unit reduction in hardness in the same region.

For the first time, this study reveals that people with diabetes and neuropathy who tend to load their feet more heavily also tend to have plantar soft tissues with lower hardness. The observed difference in tissue hardness is likely to affect the tissue’s vulnerability to overload injury. More research will be needed to explore the implications of the observed association for the risk of ulceration.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Plantar soft tissue, Heel pad, Shore hardness, Diabetic foot, Plantar pressure, Stiffness
Faculty: School of Life Sciences and Education > Sport and Exercise
Depositing User: Panagiotis CHATZISTERGOS
Date Deposited: 10 May 2022 10:31
Last Modified: 10 May 2022 10:31

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