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Application of the Schroth Method in the Treatment of Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Dimitrijević, Vanja, Šćepanović, Tijana, Jevtić, Nikola, Rašković, Bojan, Milankov, Vukadin, Milosević, Zoran, Ninković, Srđan S., CHOCKALINGAM, Nachiappan, Obradović, Borislav and Drid, Patrik (2022) Application of the Schroth Method in the Treatment of Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (24). p. 16730. ISSN 1660-4601

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Abstract or description

Background: Idiopathic scoliosis can be defined as a complex three-dimensional deformity of the spine and trunk, which occurs in basically healthy children. Schroth scoliosis-specific exercises have shown good results in reducing idiopathic scoliosis progression. This study aimed to critically evaluate the effect size of Schroth’s method through a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Methods: Four databases were included in the search: PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Google Scholar. The following keywords were used: “Schroth exercise”, “idiopathic scoliosis”, “Cobb angle”, “angle of trunk rotation”, and “quality of life”. Only articles written in English that met the following criteria were included in our study: subjects who had idiopathic scoliosis, the Schroth method was applied, and Cobb angle or angle of trunk rotation or quality of life as outcomes.

Results: Ten randomized controlled trials were included in this study. The effect size of the Schroth exercise ranged from almost moderate to large, for the outcomes used: Cobb angle (ES = −0.492, p ˂ 0.005); ATR (ES = −0.471, p = 0.013); QoL (ES = 1.087, p ˂ 0.001).

Conclusions: The current meta-analysis indicates that the Schroth method has a positive effect on subjects with idiopathic scoliosis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Schroth exercise; Cobb angle; angle of trunk rotation; quality of life; posture; rehabilitation; therapeutic exercise
Faculty: School of Life Sciences and Education > Sport and Exercise
Depositing User: Nachiappan CHOCKALINGAM
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2022 16:20
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2023 14:04

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