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Restoration in mental health after visiting urban green spaces, who is most affected? Comparison between good/poor mental health in four European cities

Grigoletto, Alessia, Toselli, Stefania, Zijlema, Wilma, Marquez, Sandra, Triguero-Mas, Margarita, GIDLOW, Christopher, Grazuleviciene, Regina, Van de Berg, Magdalena, Kruize, Hanneke, Maas, Jolanda and Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark J. (2023) Restoration in mental health after visiting urban green spaces, who is most affected? Comparison between good/poor mental health in four European cities. Environmental Research. p. 115397. ISSN 00139351

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Abstract or description

Several mechanisms have been proposed to explain the association between green space and health, and one of these is the restoration theory, based on the idea that it is possible to increase mental health and decrease stress visiting a natural environment. The aims of the present study were to understand what activities are most related to restoration and if these are the same for people with poorer and better mental health. A questionnaire was administered in four European cities and data about restoration outcomes, type of activity carried out in green spaces and mental health were collected and analyzed. A cross sectional design was used and total of 3134 respondents participated to the questionnaire. The restoration experience was measured with the restoration outcome score, and the mental health was evaluated with a subscale related to mental health of the Medical Outcome Short Form. Participants were divided in two groups according to mental health score. A multiple regression analysis was performed to investigate the association between mental health, type of activity and restoration. The cities showed a similar trend in the association between restoration and type of activity performed in green environment. People with poorer mental health seem to be more sensitive to the positive effect of visiting the green environment and restoration was more evident in these people than in those with better mental health. At the same time, the type of activity was less evident in people with better mental health, and they seemed to be less influenced by the visiting of green space. Green prescription is important for the entire population: people with poorer mental health could have important restorative effects and people with better mental health could continue to protect their well-being using green space.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: activity, green space, mental health, restoration theory
Faculty: School of Life Sciences and Education > Sport and Exercise
Depositing User: Christopher GIDLOW
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2023 16:58
Last Modified: 03 Feb 2024 01:38

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