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Unravelling open innovation determinants and firm performance relationships in CEE and SEE countries

Abazi-Alili, Hyrije, HASHI, Iraj, Rexhepi, Gadaf, Ramadani, Veland and Kallmuenzer, Andreas (2024) Unravelling open innovation determinants and firm performance relationships in CEE and SEE countries. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research. ISSN 1355-2554

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Abstract or description

Open innovation (OI), by now one of the major concepts for the analysis of innovation, is seen as a methodology for collaboratively designing and implementing solutions by engaging stakeholders in an iterative and inclusive service design process. This paper aims to empirically investigate OI capacities, defined as a cooperative, knowledge-sharing innovation ecosystem, and to explore how it can lead to improved performance of firms in Central and Eastern European (CEE) and Southeastern European (SEE) countries.

The study builds on the World Bank/European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD’s) Business Environment Enterprise Performance Survey (BEEPS) dataset for 2009, 2013 and 2019. Primarily, the research model was estimated using log-transformed ordinary least squares (OLS). Taking into consideration that this method might produce substantial bias, yielding misleading inferences, this study is fitting Poisson pseudo maximum likelihood estimators with robust standard errors and instrumental variable/generalized method of moments estimation (IV/GMM) approach for comparative results. Secondarily, the research model was tested using structural equation modelling (SEM) to investigate the relationship between five OI capacities and firm performance.

The findings indicate that there is a significant positive relationship between most OI capacities and firm performance, except for innovation, which did not show a statistically significant relationship with firm performance. Specifically, research and development (R&D), knowledge and coopetition are statistically significant and positively associated with firm performance, whereas transformation is statistically significant but negatively associated with firm performance. The IV/GMM estimations’ findings support the view that the firm performance is significantly affected by OI capacities, together with some control variables such as size, age, foreign ownership and year dummy to have a significant impact on firm performance.

This paper fills an identified gap in the literature by investigating the impact of OI on firm performance executed in the specific CEE and SEE country context.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Innovation, Open innovation, Firm performance, Skilled workers, SEM, BEEPS
Faculty: Staffordshire Business School > Business and Marketing
Depositing User: Iraj HASHI
Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2024 12:10
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2024 12:10

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