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Fans, homophobia and masculinities in association football: evidence of a more inclusive environment

CASHMORE, Ellis and CLELAND, Jamie (2012) Fans, homophobia and masculinities in association football: evidence of a more inclusive environment. The British Journal Of Sociology, 63 (2). pp. 370-387.

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Abstract or description

This article draws on 3,500 responses from fans and professionals involved in association football (soccer) to an anonymous online survey posted from June 2010 to October 2010 regarding their views towards gay footballers. The overall findings are that, contrary to assumptions of homophobia, there is evidence of rapidly decreasing homophobia within the culture of football fandom. The results advance inclusive masculinity theory with 93 per cent of fans of all ages stating that there is no place for homophobia within football. Fans blame agents and clubs for the lack of openness and challenge football’s governing organizations to oppose the culture of secrecy surrounding gay players and to provide a more inclusive environment to support players who want to come out.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hegemonic masculinity inclusive masculinity homophobia football fans
Subjects: L300 Sociology
Faculty: Faculty of Health Sciences > Psychology, Sport and Exercise
Depositing User: Ellis CASHMORE
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2013 08:03
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2013 22:40
URI: http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/id/eprint/879

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