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Corticosteroids in ophthalmology: drug delivery innovations, pharmacology, clinical applications and future perspectives

Gaballa, Sherif, Kompella, Uday, Elgarhy, Omar, Alqahtani, Ali, Pierscionek, Barbara, Alany, Raid and Abdelkader, Hamdy (2020) Corticosteroids in ophthalmology: drug delivery innovations, pharmacology, clinical applications and future perspectives. Drug Delivery and Translational Research. ISSN 2190-393X

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Abstract or description

Corticosteroids remain the mainstay of the treatment for various ocular conditions affecting the ocular surface, anterior and posterior segments of the eye due to their anti-inflammatory, anti-oedematous and anti-neovascularization properties. Prednisolone, prednisolone acetate, dexamethasone, triamcinolone acetonide, fluocinolone acetonide, and loteprednol etabonate are amongst the most widely used ophthalmic corticosteroids. Corticosteroids differ in their activity and potency in the eye due to their inherent pharmacological and pharmaceutical differences. Different routes and regimens are available for ocular administration of corticosteroids. Conventional topical application to the eye is the route of choice when targeting diseases affecting the ocular surface and anterior segment, while periocular, intravitreal, and suprachoroidal injections can be potentially effective for posterior segment diseases. Corticosteroid-induced intraocular pressure elevation and cataract formation remain the most significant local risks following topical as well as systemic corticosteroid administration. Invasive drug administration via intracameral, subconjunctival and intravitreal injection can enhance ocular bioavailability and minimize dose and dosing frequency of administration, yet may exacerbate ocular side effects of corticosteroids. This review provides a critical appraisal of the ophthalmic uses of corticosteroid, routes of administration, drug delivery fundamentals and novel ocular implantable steroids delivery systems, factors influencing side effects and future perspectives for ocular corticosteroid therapy.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Drug Delivery and Translational Research. The final authenticated version is available online at:
Faculty: School of Health and Social Care > Social Work and Social Welfare
Depositing User: Barbara PIERSCIONEK
Date Deposited: 28 Aug 2020 13:48
Last Modified: 22 Mar 2023 15:28

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