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Estimation of Muzzle-to-Target Distance

BOLTON-KING, Rachel (2022) Estimation of Muzzle-to-Target Distance. In: Encyclopedia of Forensic Sciences. Elsevier. ISBN 9780128236772

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Abstract or description

Muzzle-to-target distance estimation involves estimating the distance that one or more projectiles have traveled between the muzzle of a firearm and a target surface during a shooting incident involving humans or animals. The procedure is predominantly undertaken by forensic firearm examiners and ballistics experts as one approach to reconstructing a shooting incident. This article aims to outline the methods by which muzzle-to-target distance estimation is conducted and explain the factors that can influence an examiner’s ability to accurately estimate the firing distance. It also summarizes how distance estimation is reported for criminal investigations and considers how practices may develop in the future.

Item Type: Book Chapter, Section or Conference Proceeding
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ammunition; Ballistics; Bullet; Cartridge; Crime scene; Defect; Distance estimation; Distance determination; Firearm; Firing; Gunshot; Muzzle-to-target; Projectiles; Range; Reconstruction; Residue; Shot; Shooting; Weapon
Faculty: School of Law, Policing and Forensics > Forensic Sciences and Policing
Depositing User: Rachel BOLTON-KING
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2023 09:38
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2023 14:04
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