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Testing the REBT-I model in athletes: Investigating the role of self-confidence between irrational beliefs and psychological distress

MANSELL, Paul and Turner, Martin J. (2022) Testing the REBT-I model in athletes: Investigating the role of self-confidence between irrational beliefs and psychological distress. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 63. ISSN 1469-0292

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Abstract or description

Evidence suggests that, in the general population, instances of poor mental health have increased over recent years and are set to continue to grow. Athletes may experience a plethora of additional stressors, such as injury, de-selection, and competitive anxiety. Prior research has suggested that irrational beliefs may maladaptively influence an athlete’s wellbeing, but little is known about the role of self-confidence in these relationships. The present study aimed to examine the role which self-confidence plays as part of the REBT-I model in athletes. Broadly speaking, it was hypothesised that primary irrational beliefs would relate negatively to self-confidence through secondary irrational beliefs. In turn, self-confidence was hypothesised to relate negatively to competitive anxiety and depressive symptoms. Additionally, irrational beliefs were hypothesised to combine with low self-confidence to relate negatively to competitive anxiety and depressive symptoms. Four hundred and ten athletes (n = 227 females, Mage = 33.91 years, SD = 14.84) completed an online questionnaire pack assessing irrational beliefs, self-confidence, cognitive and somatic competitive anxiety, and depressive symptoms. Using path analysis, the tested hypothesised model demonstrated an excellent fit to the data. Findings demonstrate some support for the REBT-I model in that primary irrational beliefs predict competitive anxiety and depressive symptoms through secondary irrational beliefs. Results extend the REBT-I model by including self-confidence as a mediating factor between depreciation beliefs and competitive anxiety and depressive symptoms. Findings suggest practitioners should be aware of the role that irrational beliefs may have in negatively influencing self-confidence and subsequent depression symptomology in athletes.

Item Type: Article
Faculty: School of Life Sciences and Education > Sport and Exercise
Depositing User: Paul MANSELL
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2022 16:01
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2022 16:01
URI: https://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/id/eprint/7516

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