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Quality-of-Information Aware Sensing Node Characterisation for Optimised Energy Consumption in Visual Sensor Networks

Amjad, Anas (2017) Quality-of-Information Aware Sensing Node Characterisation for Optimised Energy Consumption in Visual Sensor Networks. Doctoral thesis, Staffordshire University.

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Abstract or description

Energy consumption is one of the primary concerns in a resource constrained visual sensor network (VSN) with wireless transceiving capability. The existing VSN design solutions under particular resource constrained scenarios are application-specific, whereas the degree of sensitivity of the resource constraints varies from one application to another. This limits the implementation of the existing energy efficient solutions within a VSN node, which may be considered to be a part of a heterogeneous network. This thesis aims to resolve the energy consumption issues faced within VSNs because of their resource constrained nature by proposing energy efficient solutions for sensing nodes characterisation.

The heterogeneity of image capture and processing within a VSN can be adaptively reflected with a dynamic field-of-view (FoV) realisation. This is expected to allow the implementation of a generalised energy efficient solution that will adapt with the heterogeneity of the network. In this thesis, a FoV characterisation framework is proposed, which can assist design engineers during the pre-deployment phase in developing energy efficient VSNs. The proposed FoV characterisation framework provides efficient solutions for: 1) selecting suitable sensing range; 2) maximising spatial coverage; 3) minimising the number of required nodes; and 4) adaptive task classification. The task classification scheme proposed in this thesis exploits heterogeneity of the network and leads to an optimal distribution of tasks between visual sensing nodes. Soft decision criteria is exploited, and it is observed that for a given detection reliability, the proposed FoV characterisation framework provides energy efficient solutions which can be implemented within heterogeneous networks.

In the post-deployment phase, the energy efficiency of a VSN for a given level of reliability can be enhanced by reconfiguring its nodes dynamically to achieve optimal configurations. Considering the dynamic realisation of quality-of-information (QoI), a strategy is devised for selecting suitable configurations of visual sensing nodes to reduce redundant visual content prior to transmission without sacrificing the expected information retrieval reliability. By incorporating QoI awareness using peak signal-to-noise ratio-based representative metric, the distributed nature of the proposed self-reconfiguration scheme accelerates the decision making process.

This thesis also proposes a unified framework for node classification and dynamic self-reconfiguration in VSNs. For a given application, the unified framework provides a feasible solution to classify and reconfigure visual sensing nodes based on their FoV by exploiting the heterogeneity of targeted QoI within the sensing region. From the results, it is observed that for the second degree of heterogeneity in targeted QoI, the unified framework outperforms its existing counterparts and results in up to 72% energy savings with as low as 94% reliability. Within the context of resource constrained VSNs, the substantial energy savings achieved by the proposed unified framework can lead to network lifetime enhancement. Moreover, the reliability analysis demonstrates suitability of the unified framework for applications that need a desired level of QoI.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Faculty: School of Creative Arts and Engineering > Engineering
Depositing User: Jeffrey HENSON
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2017 15:22
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2017 13:14
URI: http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/id/eprint/3909

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