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Epidemiology and risk prediction modelling of head and neck cancer

Smith, C, McMahon, A, ROSS, Al, Inman, G, Lyall, D, Goulart, M, Gormley, M, Dudding, T, ARCAGE, Study Group, Brennan, P, Virani, S and Conway, D (2024) Epidemiology and risk prediction modelling of head and neck cancer. In: British Association of Head and Neck Oncologists (BAHNO) Annual Scientific Meeting, 17th May 2024, London UK. (In Press)

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Abstract or description

Head and Neck Cancer (HNC) incidence is on the rise, often diagnosed at late stage and associated with poor prognoses. Risk prediction tools have a potential role in improving HNC prevention and early detection.

Informed by a review of existing models and the results of a Scottish cancer registry analysis, a clinical HNC risk prediction model with behavioural/demographic predictors was developed via multivariable logistic regression analyses in the IARC-ARCAGE European case-control study; and then externally validated in the UK Biobank cohort. Model performance was tested via discrimination and calibration metrics.

The development dataset (HNC-cases=1926; controls=2043) model including sociodemographic, smoking, and alcohol variables had moderate discrimination, with an Area Under Curve (AUC) value of 0.75 (95%CI; 0.74-0.77), with good calibration. Validation dataset (participants=384,616; HNC-cases=1177) model had an AUC of 0.62 (95%CI; 0.61-0.64).

This HNC risk prediction model had moderate performance in the development population and acceptable performance in the validation dataset. Demographics and risk behaviours are strong predictors of HNC, and this model may be a helpful tool in primary dental care settings to promote prevention and determine recall intervals for dental examination. Future addition of HPV serology or genetic factors could further enhance individual risk prediction.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Faculty: School of Health and Social Care > Allied Health and Paramedic Science
Event Title: British Association of Head and Neck Oncologists (BAHNO) Annual Scientific Meeting
Event Location: London UK
Event Dates: 17th May 2024
Depositing User: Al ROSS
Date Deposited: 18 Mar 2024 14:49
Last Modified: 17 May 2024 01:38

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